Iran Is The World's Leading Producer Of Saffron
The history of saffron planting in Iran goes back to more than 3,000 years. This expensive medicinal plant is known as the red gold or the desert gold. Due to its taste, color and aroma, it has many applications in the production of food, pharmaceutical and chemical products and is considered to be an expensive product due to the restriction of cultivation and production in some countries of the world.
According to Statisa website datareport, Iran is the world’s leading producer of saffron, producing 430 tons in 2019. That year, India was the second largest saffron producer with only 22 tons of production.
Iran is the world's leading producer of saffron with an average production of 90% of the total world production. In Iran, farmers in Khorasan Razavi, South and North Khorasan, Isfahan, Fars, Kerman and Yazd provinces are producing saffron more than other regions. Khorasan Razavi province produces more than 80 percent of the country's saffron. Given the strategic importance of saffron and its dependence on the income of a large part of the population in different regions of the country and its high potential for value for the country, serious attention is paid to this product and increased fundamental and applied research in related sciences, particularly processing, packaging, marketing and ultimately it requires export. In this regard, Saffron Research company of Flonita, as a specialized business research and development company in the field of saffron, has done this mission in cooperation with other authorities related to this field.
Flonita company, located in the technology park of the Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, that was commissioned on September 27, 2017 to build the complex from the private credits. Finally, on June 17, 2018, with the completion of the company building, the Flonita company project was ready for operation. The Flonita company was firstly supported by the Gonabad University of Medical Sciences in October 2022 and formally completely handed over to Dr. Hamed Biglari (PhD of Environmental Health) finally.
Assistant Professor of Environmental Health Engineering in Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Razavi Khorasan, Iran